Way too much work for me now but as a group we might list each verse that Jesus mentioned and figure it out.
The Psalms were quoted more than any other scripture in the whole NT.
There's a problem of definition too.
Quotes, illustrations, illusions, what exactly qualifies.?
IMHO, Christ lived in the psalms. Many of the sermons and parables are centered around their wisdom.
...but Deuteronomy is a close second.
"I came to cast fire on the earth, and would that it were already kindled!" Luke 12:49 (ESV)