Way too much work for me now but as a group we might list each verse that Jesus mentioned and figure it out.
The Psalms were quoted more than any other scripture in the whole NT.
There's a problem of definition too.
Quotes, illustrations, illusions, what exactly qualifies.?
IMHO, Christ lived in the psalms. Many of the sermons and parables are centered around their wisdom.
...but Deuteronomy is a close second.
"If people put their faith in either a text or in a particular, modern method of reading a text, their faith is misplaced. People should be better educated theologically to realize that the Christian reading of scripture must be learned and practiced as an activity of faith in God, with assurance of the Holy Spirit will not lead us to perdition if we read in faith and with love as our guide and goal."
The Reliability of the New Testament: Bart Ehrman and Daniel Wallace in Dialogue, p.92-93