Thought this was a very interesting and helpful article: 4 Cringe-worthy Claims of Popular Penal Substitution Theology Here's the introduction and the four claims: I've often wondered if the same thing that makes violent video games appealing is why young evangelical guys are so infatuated with penal substitution theology. I figure a scary ____ God is cool for the same reason that the loud wet smack of a linebacker knocking the wind out of a quarterback is cool (I was that linebacker once). I recognize that some guys need to have a God who likes to say "RAWR!!!" but in their zeal over penal substitution, some cringe-worthy and not entirely Biblical assertions are being made. There is a theologically responsible account of penal substitution; it's part of the mystery of the cross. But I wanted to examine four of the more obnoxious assertions that I've heard in what I would call popular penal substitution theology. 1. God is allergic to sin. 2. God sees Jesus instead of us when He looks at us. 3. Since God is infinite, He is infinitely offended by the slightest of our sins. 4. God poured out His wrath on Jesus on the cross.