Win...Those Historians are NOT deceived....they are correct:thumbsup: But, it doesn't demonstrate what you are thinking it demonstrates... Luther was "Theologically" very anti-semitic. Luther was problematically very anti-semitic....and there is no doubt that Luther's views may have carried some weight with the Germans as far as anti-semitism is concerned (I taught a course in the history of "anti-semitism" in Germany pre-WW2)....but Luther's more anti-semitic rantings weren't directly related to his view of soteriology...Luther was somewhat anti-semitic, but it wasn't the unique soteriological views commonly called "Calvinism" today which was the source of his anti-semitism. It was based on entirely different issues. Pre-WW2 Germany (under the Weimar Republic) was reeling from WW1...Jews were not allowed in the German army in WWI...thus numerous one-legged men returned home to find their moms foreclosed on by property owners (often Jewish) who were not allowed to go to war. You are neglecting the fact that Dietrich Bonhoeffer was very much a Lutheran too. Luther's rantings did have some influence on the anti-semitism of that era, but it wasn't because of the uniquely "Calvinistic" claims of soteriology (vs. Arminianism) that was the source of it. It was merely Luther's writings which were not distinctly either "Calvinistic" nor "Arminianistic"...which effected the thinking. Even if Luther were a 5-point Molinist...he would have written the same way about Jews. The anti-semitism in Germany was largely period-distinctive, experiential and the only Philosophico-Theological influence which gave it merit (at least logically) was a commitment to DARWINISM...not Calvinism. Hitler had a bust of Friedrich Nietzche on his desk...not a bust of Calvin.