Regardless of who is elected president on November 2, he will have a difficult time passing any controversial item through the Senate - such as raising taxes or appointing federal judges that are not perceived as being moderate. During the last four years we have seen that it requires 60 votes to bring up anything that the Democrats consider controversial, since they are forcing cloture to be invoked to bring these items to a vote, which requires 60 senators voting affirmative to do so. And we can expect that the Senate will remain pretty much evenly divided, certainly neither major party will come close to having 60 senators. If President Bush is re-elected, this will almost certainly stop him from appointing any judge that is ardently pro-life to the U.S. Supreme Court. On the other hand, I can't imagine the Republicans not repaying the Democrats in kind for the past four years if Senator Kerry is elected, thus blocking his ability to reverse the tax cuts and blocking any ardently liberal judges from the U.S. Supreme Court. If the Republicans in the U.S. Senate failed to do this, it should assuredly cause a rebellion by the grassroots of the party. So the hope by anyone on the right or the left that any president in the next four years will be able to make any sweeping changes to the right or to the left on the U.S. Supreme Court or on any major policy issue should be nil due to this new super majority requirement. The only real way for a president in the next four years to exercise any substantive power in legislation will be through the use of the veto since he will only need 34 senators to back him, or 146 representatives.