36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. 37 ¶ Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? 38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. 40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. 41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. 1. When the audiance "heard this" - that God hath made that same Jesus both Savior and Lord - they were cut to the heart with conviction of their sins. 2. Their question "what shall we do" was in direct response to being cut to the heart in conviction over their rejection and crucifixion of Jesus Christ. 3. Peter's response "repent" was in reference to what they were convicted about or cut to the heart about. 4. The Greek structure only commands to be baptized those who repent. 5. "for remission of sins" means because of remission of sins obtained by repentance as Peter later proves that remission of sins is the direct consequence of conversion to the gospel (Acts 10:43) and baptism is a "figure" not a sacrament (1 Pet. 3:21). 6. Baptism provides the basis of acceptance into church membership: - "were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them " - v. 40 7. Repentance, remission of sin, baptism into church membership all precede and are the basis for the promise "ye shall receive the gift of the Spirit." Peter is talking about the baptism in the Spirit on the day of Pentecost. The new house of God was baptized in the Spirt and now the Spirit indwelt this new house of God. Partaking of it required salvation and membership by water baptism into the new house of God. This is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 3:16 where the local congregation at Corinth ("ye" not "we") is described as the "temple of the Holy Spirit" and when they were added to that congregation they were made to "drink into that" Spirit, which is a metaphorical way to say they were made PARTAKERS of the ECCLESIASTICAL benefits of the Spirit of God as spelled out in Acts 2:41-46: 42 ¶ And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. 43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. 44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common; 45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. 46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, 47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. Such benefits they were made partaker of are expanded in 1 Corinthians 12:-14 which included the temporary sign gifts bestowed upon them through apostolic laying on of hands - 2 Cor. 12:12. The New Testament congregation is the "house of God" (1 Tim. 3:15) and those who are added to its membership are partakers of its ministry (1 Tim. 3:1-13) and its doctrine (1 Tim. 3:16-4:6) due to the Spirit of God indwelling it, thus making it "the pillar and ground of the truth." The historical baptism in the Spirit was an INSTITUTIONAL baptism when the "fire" was imparted to the New Testament congregation which is perpetualized through obedience to the Great Commission through reproduction of like faith and order. That is precisely what we see in the New Testament book of Acts - the reproduction of congregations of like faith and order beginning with the Spirit baptized congregation in Jerusalem. 7.