15 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through the offense of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, has abounded to many. 16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offenses to justification. 1. The offense brought immediate death as the words "be dead" represent a completed action verb. 2. This condition "be dead" is the direct result of "the offence" which is the direct and immedate result of "judgment....to condemnation." Paul is repudiating that spiritual death among the human race is due to individuals sins. Man comes naturally into this world already judged to this condemnation and "BE DEAD" spiritually upon their individual existence. Paul is repudiating that humans are born uncondemned to this judgement already due to one sin by Adam. They come into individual existence condemned already (Jn. 3:18) under the wrath of God (Jn. 3:36; Eph. 2:3) due to ONE MAN'S Sin rather than individual sins plural - By one man's disobedience many were MADE SINNERS by nature as they come into existence already spiritually dead. This is self-evident as non human comes into life a believer in God or Christ. Every infant manifests pure SELFISHNESS that must be trained to RESTRAIN and CONTROL. Thus all come short of the "glory of God" as the proper motive for whatever they say and do.