Confusion about "confusion" 1 Corinthians 14:32-34 (HCSB): And the prophets' spirits are under the control of the prophets, 33 since God is not a God of disorder (confusion) but of peace. (New paragraph) As in all the churches of the saints, 34 the women should be silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak, but should be submissive, as the law also says. I keep seeing a portion of this quoted as in the KJV1769: "God is not the author of confusion". author - 3. the maker of anything, creator confusion - 1. the act of confusing [disorder] - 2. the state of being confused [unlear] The verse is intended ("but of peace" gives a clue) to mean: "1. the act of confusing [disorder]" The HCSB is less confusing here, for it uses the clearer term "disorder". "Disorder" has one clear meaning, "confusion" has two meanings which can, well confuse some people. Often this part-verse is quoted out of context: "God is not the author of confusion - so guess who is the author of confusion" Well, sure Satan can be the author of disorder. But the most likely author of the unclear state is onself (a human agent). Anyway, in translational/version issues, it is frequrently one's mind that is a state of unclear NOT a local church in disorder. The "God is not the author of confusion" is TOTALLY out of place, as usually rendered here.