Rom. 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 1. The "one man" is Adam 2. The "sin" is that which God forewarned Adam not to do in Genesis. 2:16-17a 3. The "death" is that which God described in Genesis 2:17b. 4. "death by sin" refers to the death described in Gen. 2:17b as the penalty of violating God's law in Gen. 2;16-17a. 5. The nature of this penalty is death in its most comprehensive nature which is defined in Gen. 2:16 more literally "in the day....dying that shalt surely die." a. Immediate spiritual death "in the day thou eatest" b. Progressive dying culimatining in physical death c. Terminal eternal death. CONCLUSION: Therefore the whole phrase "as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin" refers to the Adamic sin and consequences in Gen. 2:16-17 1. "and so" - "houto" "after this manner"! After what manner? After the manner "by one man" sin entered into the world After the manner "by one man" death by sin After this manner "death passed upon all men" The whole of human nature existed in Adam when he sinned. Thus the whole of human nature was subjected to "death" comprehensively. "After this manner" by one man "death passed upon all men" through reproduction after its own kind as all of human kind is being derived from human nature as it existed in "one man." Hence, every child is born into this world with a nature subjected to death in its comprehensive character "after this manner" or "by one man' sin and death by sin." Proof is that every infant is subject to death immediately upon conception and there is no other precedent cause than "by one man's sin." "By one man's disobedience" after this manner "many be dead. "By one mans disobedience" after this manner "many were made sinners" Death became inherent to human nature when Adam sinned and death was "passed upon all men" through reproduction after its own kind because death is inherent with physical conception and birth.