According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, sometime after the Babylonian sack of Jerusalem (587 BCE) and the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament (c. 220 BCE), Jewish religious leaders began substituting the word "Adonai" for the Tetragrammaton YHWH whenever they read Scripture. "Adonai" does appear in the Old Testament as a reference to God, and means "Lord" in English. During the Middle Ages, Rabbis went even further, inventing the word "haShem" for YHWH. "haShem" does not appear (to my knowledge) in the Old Testament as a reference to God. Let me give an example. Image you were to show a Rabbi the Hebrew text of Genesis 11:5. That verse reads (translated):And Jehovah came down to see the city and the tower which the children of men built. If you now asked the Rabbi to read that verse aloud, he was say (translated):And haShem came down to see the city and the tower which the children of men built. Now, even if the Rabbi (or anyone else) were to read, say, "hamlet" for "city", or "cubs" for "children", said Rabbi (or anyone else) would legitimately be guilty of misreading the verse. My point is, technically speaking, aren't Rabbis guilty of misreading Scripture? Moreover, isn't YHWH the most important word in the Old Testament? If you had to summarize the whole Old Testament in a single word, wouldn't you say YHWH? So, technically speaking, aren't Rabbis guilty of misreading the most important word of Scripture? AfterWrit: I am not aiming to be mean, or rude, or divisive, or otherwise evil. I am not advocating violence towards anyone, I have read Genesis 12:1-3, and I am deeply grateful to the Patriarch Abraham for making the whole entire world so much of a better place that his efforts improve my life today, 3000 years after he lived! For example, the Patriarch Abraham lived right around the time that hieroglyphs were simplified down into the first Aleph-Beth (alphabet). This brought literacy to the common man! I therefore wonder if that wasn't the work of Abraham himself, peace be upon him! What I do want to do is call things as they are, to "tell it like it is". Technically speaking or no, splitting hairs or no, at the end of the day, don't Jews misread (the most important word of) Scripture? Don't they take liberties with the text? If the OT is God-Breathed, didn't YHWH Himself put His name, YHWH, into those verses where it appears? And so shouldn't we conclude YHWH commands us to read His name in those places? And, so, aren't Jews putting the traditions of mortal men (Rabbis, who say "haShem") over the clear and obvious commandments of YHWH Himself, who wrote in "YHWH" in the first place? God tells us to read "YHWH"... Rabbis tell us to read "haShem"... what more needs be said?? If my logic is wrong, please explain how. The point is, if someone, anyone, is willing to take liberties with Scripture in one place... er, actually 5900 places (!!)... why should you or I trust them not to take liberties with Scripture in other places?? I claim I am not trying to be evil, just truthful. Rabbinical "interpretation of Scripture does lead them, afterall, to reject the Messiah. If Yeshua of Galilee really is the Messiah, wouldn't the world be a better place if his own people accepted him?