12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned-- 13 for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come. 15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one man's sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God's abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ. 18 Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous. 20 The law was added so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Some have a problem with the idea of Adam being representative for all mankind, but clearly that is what Paul teaches in this passage, and I think we can all agree on this point. But who does Christ represent as the 'second Adam?' It appears that the same 'many' who Adam represents is the same 'many' Christ represents. As Paul says, "just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. So, why do Calvinist say that Christ only represents a select few? How is that fair? The concept of Federal Headship seems fine when all are represented by the two federal heads, so why do Calvinists insist Christ doesn't represent everyone? Calvinists insist this would lead to universalism, but that is NOT true if the imputation of that representative is CONDITIONAL. Our being condemned is conditioned upon our sinning. As Paul CLEARLY states in Rom 5:12: Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned. In the same way, our being justified is conditioned upon our faith...as the verses above indicate. But, we are ALL represented by BOTH Federal HEADS, not just one of them. That is the biblical view and it is fair.