"And of moral evil the usual story is in terms of free will (or free will and the goods free will makes possible), that God in conferring free will could not guarantee that we abstain from evil, for to do so would be to limit freedom. But have we free will, And if we have, is it so valuable as to justify all the evil caused by men's morally evil acts, i.e. would it really be a worse totatl state of affairs for us to be rational automata? More basically, is it not the case that complete virtue is compatible with the possession of free will, might not God have very easily so have arranged the world and biased man to virtue that men always freely chose what is right? Clearly theists cannot consistently argue that free will and necessitation to virtue are incompatible, for they represent God himself as possessing a free will and as being incapable of acting immorrally. If this can be the case with God, why can it not be so with all free agents?" H J McCloskey "On Being an Atheist"