1 ¶ After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. 2 ¶ And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus? 3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. 4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. 5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. 6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. 7 ¶ And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. 1. There is no new gospel promise given here but simply reaffirmation of the original gospel promise given Abraham in Ur: Gen. 12:3 - "in thee" Gen. 15:4 - "come forth out of thine own bowels" 2. There is no new faith or new imputation here. If either the faith or imputation were in response to what was said in verses 1-5 they would both be in the same tense. However, "believed" is found in the perfect tense while "imputed" is found in the imperfect tense. "believed" is a perfect tense or an action that was completed previous with continuing present consequences - continuance in that faith. - v. 6 "imputed" is imperfect tense a continued action previous to the present context. - v. 6 3. This reaffirmation is tied contextually with the initial promise first believed in while in the UR of the chaldees and was the basis for response to leave the Ur: "And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it." - v. 7 The perfect tense "brought" in verse 7 has UR of the Chaldees for its point of action and refers back to the same Perfect tense "believed" in verse 6 of initial faith when God brought him out of Ur of the Chaldees The imperfect tense "said" demonstrates this was an ongoing continuous speech that God had been saying to Abraham since the Ur of the Chaldees rather than occurring just in the present context. In other words, God had been making this promise in the past from that point of time in Ur until the present. Hence, NOTHING NEW - no new gospel, no new belief, no new promise, no new imputation, no new justification - just reaffirmation of the same promise which was received by faith that brought Abraham into a completed state of justification at that point in UR and continued as a completed state right up to the present context of reaffirmation. This is exactly the doctrinal summation of Paul in Romans 4:22-5:2 where the completed action of justification and imputation occurs in connection with initial faith in the gospel in Romans 4:22-25 and that completed action stands as a perfected state (Romans 5:2) for all who believed initially believed in the gospel including Abraham (Rom. 5:1). The progressive idea of justification that is based upon Genesis 15:6; Romans 4:3 and Galatians 3:6 flies in the face of the perfect tense "believed" and the imperfect tense "imputed" in Genesis 15:3 and the direct application to the perfect tense "brought" and the imperfect tense "said" in verse 7. If "believed" in Genesis 15:6 was intended by Moses to be restricted to what was said in Genesis 15:4-5 then he would not have used the imperfect tense "imputed" as that necessarily refers to a previous time than verses 4-5. Also, Moses would have used the same tense for both "believed" and "imputed" to show simeltaneous action. If "believed" in Genesis 15:6 was intended by Moses to be restricted to what was said in the present context of Genesis 15:3-4 he would not have used the perfect tense for both "beleived" in verse 6 and the perfect tense of "brought" in reference to Ur in verse 7 showing simeltaneous connection between what was believed in verse 6 and the action in Ur in verse 7. If "beleived" in Genesis 15:6 was intended by Moses to be confined to the present context of Genesis 15:3-4 he would not have used the imperfect tense "imputed" in verse 6 or the imperfect tense "said" in verse 7 as this demonstrates what He said in verses 3-4 had been what he was saying PREVIOUS to the present context. If justification of Abraham was a progressive instead of a completed action by faith in the gospel, Paul would not have made a direct application from Abraham to the present believer in Romans 4:5-6 and then again in verses 22-25 with initial faith in the gospel viewing it not merely as a completed Aorist tense or completed action at the point of faith in the gospel (Rom. 4:24-5:1) but would not have defined it as with two perfect tense verbs in Romans 5:2 as a completed state or standing first accessed "by faith" in the gospel and a continuing completed state that faith continues in.