1 ¶ Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. 3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: 7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. 11 ¶ Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. The Arguments: 1. Many argue that we enter his rest and fulfill the Sabbath law when we beleive in Jesus Christ and this does away with any actual sabbath day keeping. RESPONSE: Hebrew 4:2-3 distinctly and clearly states that the same gospel was preached unto them as well as unto us and that when you believe the gospel you do enter into his rest. Hebrews 4:2 says that those in the wilderness had this same gospel preached to them but that faith was not mixed with the gospel in their hearts and so they apostatized from what they heard (not from what they believed). However, others like Moses and Joshua did believe the gospel and did enter into SPIRITUAL REST but that did not fulfil Sabbath day observance as they observed a Sabbath day keeping. Therefore, the gospel rest is only SPIRITUAL and it does not fulfil Sabbath day observance. Paul also argues that Joshua ("Jesus") bringing them into the promised land did not do away or fulfill sabbath day observance. Paul also argues that David when he had subdued all enemies of Israel that this did not do away with or fulfil sabbath day observance. Paul argues there is still today sabbath day observance for God's people. The term "rest" in verse 9 represents a Greek term that is completely different than what is previously used and translated "rest" in verses 1-8. The word used in verses 1-8 for "rest" is "pauo" whereas the Greek term found in verse nine is the noun "sabbatismos" which means "sabbath day observance" and thus there remains after gospel faith, after Joshua's entrance into palestine, after David's subduing the enemies, a sabbath day observance right now for the people of God. 2. Some argue that verse 9 refers to the sign of the Old Covenant and the Jewish seventh day of the week sabbath. ANSWER: Verse 10 compares "he" to "God" and the work completed by God with the work completed by "he" in regard with how God "ceased from his own work." God ceased by setting apart the seventh day as a day of rest (v. 4). Although God entered that rest on the seventh day of creation, we have not yet entered that rest. The gospel does not fulfill that rest, entrance into palestine is not entering into "his rest", subduing enemies by david is entering his rest. That rest commemorated A SINLESS CREATION AND SINLESS MANKIND IN PERFECT HARMONY WITH THEIR CREATOR and no man will enter into "his rest" until they are sinless and the creation is sinless and that is yet future - v. 11 However, Christians have a BETTER sabbath day observance that looks forward to entering into "his rest" or into a sinless creation as sinless mankind in perfect harmony with God (v. 11). This BETTER sabbath day observance is based upon a GREATER work than the work of Creation and it was the work of one man ("he") who has entered into heaven (v. 14) in our behalf as our High Preist to ensure that born again gospel beleivers are completely brought to a sinless condition in both body and soul into a new sinless creation (Rev. 21). This man finished his GREATER work by ceasing like God did in setting apart a BETTER SABBATH that commemorates the GREATER work of the cross that will ensure entrance into a BETTER creation where all creation will be in a condition that God once more can say it is "very good" (Gen. 1:31). This better sabbath day observance is the "Lord's" (kuriakos) day or "the first day of the week (Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1-2) or the day of resurrection (Mk. 16:9). Psalm 118:24 predicted it as well as how it would be observed "we will rejoice and be glad in IT" and Acts 4:10-11; 13:33-34 identify it as the day of his resurrection. The first Sunday of his resurrection was the "proto sabbatou" or the first sabbath in a new series - better Sabbaths based upon a greater work with a greater hope than what the Old creation offered. The "seventh" day sabbath is the sign of the OLD covenant and it is abolished with it sign. It is the LAST day in numerical seven days whereas the Lord's Day is BETTER we give the FIRST day unto the Lord rather than the LAST!