Hilasterion

Discussion in 'Calvinism/Arminianism Debate' started by Van, Oct 12, 2013.

  1. Van

    Van
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    Before we even think about studying hilasterion and the related words hilaskomai and hilasmos, we must address the three cornerstone words of salvation - propitiation, the means of salvation, redemption, the act of salvation, and reconciliation, the result of salvation. Our word study below enters into the arena of the means of salvation, which is Jesus Christ.

    Hilasterion

    Our best understanding is that hilasterion referred to the lid of the ark of the covenant, which was sprinkled with blood, and thus referred to as the mercy seat. Articles on its meaning are filled with classic words like expiation, atonement, and propitiation, all of which convey almost nothing to the modern reader. In a nutshell, under the Old Covenant, the blood of animals was sprinkled on the hilasterion on the day of atonement to provide temporary reconciliation with God and avoidance of the wages of sin. Under the New Covenant, Jesus, covered with His precious blood, has become our "hilasterion" (and our blood sin offering) as the means of everlasting reconciliation with God and avoidance of the wages of sin.

    Three related Greek words (Hilasterion and Hilasmos-nouns and Hilaskomai -verb) appear 6 times in the New Testament, Romans 3:25, Hebrews 9:5 ; 1 John 2:2, 1 John 4:10, Luke 18:13, and Hebrews 2:17. If we look at several translations we find the words translated as (1) propitiatory sacrifice; (2) propitiation; (3) mercy seat; (4) atonement and (5) atoning sacrifice for the nouns; with the verb being translated as (1) have mercy; (2) be merciful; (3) turn your wrath; and (4) make propitiation.

    In short the verb refers to the act of having mercy and the noun to the means of having mercy. Therefore hilasterion should be understood as the means of obtaining mercy , i.e the propitiatory shelter in Christ as the means of eternal salvation. Anyone not in Christ is not saved, and everyone spiritually placed in Christ is saved forever.







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  2. Van

    Van
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    Justified by Faith

    Almost all Christians would claim to believe we were justified by faith, and perhaps quote Romans 3:28, which says we are justified by faith and not by the works of the Law.
    If pressed, many Christians would define “works of the law” as the actions we take to conform to the requirements of the Law, rather than what the “law” actually accomplishes, which is to make us aware of our sin and lead us to Christ.

    So lets back up and ask the question, justified by whose faith? Does our faith justify us? If we took a poll, would not a large group, perhaps even a majority, say our faith justifies us? But that would be a works based salvation would it not. Ah but you say faith is not a work.

    Maybe we should back up again and consider “justified by whom?” Were we justified by what we did or by what Christ did on the cross? The free gift of justification to life was provided by Christ on the cross, Romans 5:18. So it was Christ’s faithfulness, even unto death on the cross, which provided the propitiation for the whole world. So then the question becomes, how did we “receive” that gift or have that gift applied to us individually?

    So it would seem, then that our faith in Christ provides access to Christ’s free gift of justification by the grace of God. But does that too miss the mark? I think so. Would not our faith in effect “save us” then and make us the actual architect of our salvation?

    So if our placing our faith in Christ does not automatically save us, then God must credit our faith as righteousness and spiritually place us “in Christ” which saves us because in Christ we receive the justification to life provided by Christ. Wow now that is a systematic theology that fits with all scripture.
     
  3. Van

    Van
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    Bottom line our "propitiatory shelter" is Christ. In Him we have justification, redemption, and salvation.
     
  4. BobRyan

    BobRyan
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    Excellent Thread - very good points raised!!

    In 1John 2:2 "he is the atoning sacrifice for our sins" but not in the greek sense of propitiation "appeasing the angry deity" but rather in the "God so LOVED the WORLD that HE GAVE" for "God was in Christ reconciling the WORLD to Himself".

    The atoning sacrifice - was full and complete at the cross.

    Lev 16 teaches us about the Day of Atonement. And in vs 15 we have the atoning Sacrifice "the sin offering".

    This is what Christ accomplished on the cross.

    Then in Heb 8 and 9 we are told that Christ goes to heaven as our anti-typical High Priest. That ministers daily as pointed out in Heb 7 but also that goes into the Most Holy place once the daily service in heaven had completed.

    God is explaining the plan of salvation in symbols and types.

    Lev 16:15 points to the atoning sacrifice - now full accomplished at the cross. But it also points to other work done - primarily by the High Priest in the sanctuary - and that is now going on in heaven for us.

    in Christ,

    Bob
     
    #4 BobRyan, Oct 19, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 19, 2013
  5. Yeshua1

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    faith otself does NOT justify us, but it accesses for us what does, the death of jesus as our sin bearer, mercy seat!
     
  6. The Biblicist

    The Biblicist
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    Romans 3:28 is then illustrated by Abraham in Romans 4:1-21 and it is not Christ's faithfulness but the faith of Abraham (Rom. 4:21) IN GOD"S PROMISE spelled out in black and white and then explicitly applied to OUR FAITH in God's promised provision of Christ in Romans 4:22-25. That "faith" is explicitly said to be "by grace" (Rom. 4:16). Romans 3:27-4:21 is written to repudiate your very interpretation!

    This whole thread is a travesty of pure ignorance and mishandling of God's Word. The word translated "propiation" in Romans 3:25 means "satisfaction" as it has in view the immediate WAGES of sin in Romans 3:22-23 and lack of righteousness in Romans 3:21-22 both of which the death of Christ SATISFIES in behalf of the believer "in Christ" or "in his blood." The promised provision of God in Christ SATISFIES both demands of God's law! Remember the tablets of the law were UNDER the lid of the ark and the blood SATISFIED God's wrath against sin and satisfied God's demand of righteousness.
     

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