Calvinists spend much time on this board trying to prove that mankind is born dead and thus unable to save themselves. True Arminians do not disagree with this truth of scripture. The debate lies with the means God has chosen to give men new life. You have 2 choices: 1. Has he chosen His word alone, presented to us in the preaching of the gospel? ( 1 call) Or 2. Has he chosen the inward, secret, irresistable call of the Holy Spirit followed by the preaching of the gospel? (2 calls) I can find biblical support for #1 but the scripture seems to be silent about the irresistable call in #2. Consider these verses: Notice the two things Jesus has done. He abolished death and brought life. Through what means did he accomplish these two things? Is it through the irresistable, inward call of God? Nope, no mention of that calling here. Is it through the gospel? Yes. Here is another passage to consider: Notice once again the means through which mankind is "born again." Is it the irresistable calling of the Holy Spirit? Nope, no mention of it here anyway. Once again it is the "Word of God"...by which the gospel was preached to us. The Word gives life. The words of Christ are Spirit and they bring life. (John 6:63) The only people who cannot be brought to life by these words are those that God hides these words from. He hid them from the Jews of the 1st century in parables and sent them a "spirit of stupor" so they would not understand and repent. He hardened their hearts (John 12:39-40) Why? To accomplish redemption on the cross and to ingraft the rest of the world into his covenant of grace. The 1st century Jews weren't born that way as the doctrine of Total Depravity suggests. They are not the non-elect as the doctrine of Unconditional Election suggests. They have not gone unbought by Christ's blood as the doctrine of Limited Atonement suggests. And they do not need to be effectually called as the doctrine of Irresistable Grace suggests. They are people God "held out his hands to" for generations (Romans 10:21) and yet in spite of God's patience they they were unwilling to be gathered under his wings of salvation (Matt. 23:37). Thus, they were sealed in their unbelief and hardened in their rebellion in order for God to accomplish His purposes in and through them.