I am reading a book by Bruce demarest called : The Cross And Salvation " . I came across the following on page 240 . John Wesley (d.1791) held a lively doctrine of original sin and depravity . Yet depravity is only hypothetical , since the "preventing grace" that flows from the cross reverses the debilitating effects of original sin . Thus all persons from birth are blessed with free will , in the sense of the power of contraty choice . According to Wesley , prevenient grace enables the unregenerate to (1) hear the voice of God in conscience , (2) acknowledge responsibility for sins , (3) seek righteousness , and (4) trust Christ for salvation .