God uses all things for His purpose, even evil: The purpose of this thread is discuss God's relationship to first causes when it comes to evil. Put another way, to discuss whether God is personally responsible for evil. Let me compare two passages to spur discussion. In 1 Samuel 19 we read that there was an evil spirit from the Lord on Saul. On first read it looks as though God sent an evil spirit (a demon) to torment Saul. But in Job 1 (and then again in Job 2) there is more nuance to God's relationship with evil. In Job, God allows Satan to exercise evil on Job and his family through calamity and illness. We know how both stories end. Saul's reign came to an end and David ascended to the throne. Job eventually was restored to health and his possessions restored and multiplied. The psalmist writes: It is my contention that if there is no unrighteousness in God, then God cannot be the first cause of evil. He allows evil for purposes that may allude our understanding, but God does not create evil. He is not culpable for evil.