Calvinism teaches that mankind is born Totally Depraved, which doesn't mean that all men are as evil as they could be, but it does mean they are totally unable to understand and accept the truth revealed in the gospel message. But does this line up with scripture? You will notice the bolden underline phrases reveal man's capacity to clearly see and understand God's invisible qualities and his eternal power and divine nature. You will see they "knew God", they had "the knowledge of God" and "exchanged the glory of the immortal God...and the truth of God." That their thinking wasn't always futile, that their hearts were not always darkened, and defiled. But instead, they BECAME this way over time and God thus GAVE THEM OVER TO THEIR DEPRAVITY. But, Calvinists will no doubt argue, that this was and is inevitable for every man who are not the "elect of God." And that men do not have the ability to do otherwise. However, the scripture clearly teaches that man can do otherwise. Paul contrasts one group of people with another showing that before men have grown calloused to the revelation of God (as was Israel) they indeed can and will listen. They, "MIGHT SEE, HEAR, UNDERSTAND AND TURN." Can a Calvinist explain these texts? Thank you.