This was inspired by a reply I prepared on another thread. I felt it necessary to start this thread rather than derail that one. The comment was made, "[This] also proves that best to use the bilical evidence to come to our understanding, not trying math formulas for that!: To which I replied: This is from here: http://www.baptistboard.com/showthread.php?t=89354&posted=1#post2042822 I originally posted the following there, but I've decided to move it here. The Bible gives us a radically different explanation for addition. While the Bible does not specifically say, “This is where addition came from and why it works,” the Bible offers us principles that apply to addition, as well as to every other aspect of math. Look at what just two Bible verses reveal. For example: Where did addition come from? The verse “For by Him all things were created ... ” (Colossians 1:16, NASB) tells us where addition originated. It tells us God created all things. The word all includes everything, even math. This does not mean God created the symbols 1 and 2. Man developed those symbols. But those symbols represent a real-life principle called addition that is embedded in everything around us -- a principle God created. We have often taken an object, added another object to it, and been left with two objects. Think of when, as kids, we took one cookie and one piece of pie and ended up eating two desserts. It does not matter what we attempt to add, objects add predictably. An accountant adds dollars, a baker adds doughnuts, a retailer adds inventory, an electrician adds wattage. Yet addition works the same way for all of these people. Why? Because all things add in a regular, precise manner. We refer to this regularity as the addition principle. God created this principle that prevails throughout creation. When God created all things, He determined how they would operate. He chose to make different aspects of creation -– from dollars to watts -– operate according to the same reliable principle we call addition. Man has developed different ways to express on paper this consistency God placed around us. Throughout history, cultures have used different symbols to represent quantities. For instance, the Romans used Roman numerals (I, V, X, etc.) instead of our current Arabic system (1, 5, 10, etc.). However, man has never created anything in math. He has merely developed different symbols and systems to represent the orderly way things add. Addition originated with God. Why wouldn't the principles He developed enable us to understand Him? Like addition, all of math is a way of recording and expressing the laws and relationships God created. Math works because God faithfully holds everything in place. Math is not independent from God. It is not neutral. Math’s very existence and ability to work is dependent on God’s faithfulness in holding everything together! Just looking at a sunflower, we can tell that the sunflower was carefully designed by a wise Creator. Math, however, allows us to see God’s design at a new level, revealing the care God took with each aspect of His creation. The seeds in all sunflowers -– be they large or small -– are arranged according to two patterns. When we use math to examine these patterns, we observe that, regardless of how many seeds the sunflower contains, the number of seeds will be distributed between the two patterns in approximately the same mathematical proportion–a proportion that enables sunflowers to hold the maximum number of seeds and reproduce quite efficiently! What a wise, caring Creator we serve! Seeing the amazing way God designed the sunflowers should remind us that we can trust Him to take care of the details of our lives. Jesus' comments in the Sermon on the Mount put this in a whole new perspective: Matthew 6, NASB 30 "But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe you? You of little faith!"