Another thread came to an end without my being able to respond to the challenge as to how to take Romans 2 literally - that there will indeed be a deeds based judgment and that eternal life and justification are in the balance, with the Jew being judged by the Law of Moses - and yet reconcile this with material from places like Romans 3 and Galatians 3 where Paul seems to say that the Law of Moses is not connected to justification. I am not prepared to make my initial arguments just yet. But here are some teasers: 1. We should take Romans 2 exactly as it reads, with no "hypotheticals": there will be a deeds-based judgement; eternal life and justification are at issue; the Jew (who lived while the Law of Moses was in force) will be judged by that Law and some will indeed "pass"; 2. While material in places like Galatians 3 and Romans 3 seems to suggest that obedience to the Law of Moses will not play a role in justification of any Jew (and his getting eternal life), Paul's real argument in those places is that it is pursuing the Law of Moses in a manner that seeks to restrict justification to Jews only that is a "dead-end" in respect to the Jew being ultimately justified (and saved). He is not saying that conformance to the Law of Moses otherwise cannot be relevant to final justification and salvation.