We can come to an appropriate definition of foreknowledge by asking and answering a few simple questions; Did God know Adam and Eve would sin? If Yes, Is this God having foreknowledge Adam and Eve would sin? If Yes, Does this then mean God's foreknowledge caused Adam and Eve to sin? If No, then biblical foreknowledge does not always mean God caused an event to happen. Foreknowledge simply means God knows all things before they happen. It does not mean God directly causes all things to happen. God set Adam and Eve up in a situation where they could succeed, prosper and live OR they could sin, fail and die. God already knew the outcome before it happened (foreknowledge) but God did not cause Adam and Eve to sin. This is what Calvinism fails to understand. Calvinism cannot distinguish between what God has caused and what God has allowed by free will. In Adam, all are fallen with Adam, and all are in need of an atonement, God's grace and mercy. Throughout the scriptures God sets the same situation before all who have fallen in Adam, believe and live eternally, or reject and die eternally. In God's foreknowledge He already knows those who will by their own free will respond positively and those who will respond negatively. This is foreknowledge. In God's foreknowledge from before the foundation of the earth, God has provided everything necessary for human responsibility and God's righteous judgment. As far as all of the "what if's" that get thrown around, God already knows what the response of each individual would be or would have been. And the God of all the earth will do what is just and right! This is why God can say, "As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated." - foreknowledge - The word "foreknowledge" is used twice in the scripture; Acts 2:23, "Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain." - Did God make them take Jesus by their wicked hands and crucify Him? No, it was of their own free will, but God did have foreknowledge that it would happen. 1Pe1:2 - "Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied". - Having the proper biblical definition of foreknowledge, no further exposition is needed.