It is said I have in no way established that Πέτρος means "firstborn" instead of "stone". On the contrary, I think I have proved it means both and that means Peter cannot be the rock of the church: Matthew 16:18 convinced me PETROS PeTeR = firstborn, and also Rock. Christ uses both meanings in a Janus Parallelism: " parallelism hinges on the use of a single word with two different meanings, one of which forms a parallel with what precedes and the other with what follows." Jesus is speaking TO Peter ABOUT "The Rock"---so he cannot be the rock. 18 "And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. (Mat 16:18 NKJ) "And I also say to you that you are Peter" points to the preceding containing the meaning "Firstborn": 17 Jesus answered and said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. (Mat 16:17 NKJ) Romans 10:8ff informs us a man is saved (=born again) when the Divine Word is in his mouth and he confesses Jesus is LORD . That's exactly what happened to Peter and I can argue successfully Peter is the firstborn of the faith. No other public confession was divinely inspired before this. Matthew then connects to the parallel that follows, the alternate meaning for PETROS is rock, therefore Christ speaks TO the Firstborn ABOUT the PETRA Rock Christ upon whom the church is built (cp 1 Cor 3:10ff) Another allusion to Peter's firstborn status is seen in his ability to bind and loose without the approval of others: 19 "And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." (Mat 16:19 NKJ) Also the symbolism of being Simon bar-Jonah the prophet : 16 Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." 17 Jesus answered and said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. (Mat 16:16-17 NKJ) "The PeTeR (firstborn) has figuratively risen from dead like Jonah, to preach the word of life." This is why Peter is first in all the lists, he is "firstborn." We see that confirmed in Matt 10:2 2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; (Mat 10:2 NKJ) Notice Andrew wasn't called Second, or James the third, hence "first" PRWTOS parsimoniously means precisely that, "Peter is the First, Simon who is called firstborn."