20 ¶ And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: 21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. 22 Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. 23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. 24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. 25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. 26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour. 27 ¶ Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. 28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. 29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. 30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. 31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. 32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. 33 This he said, signifying what death he should die. There are two popular interpretations of John 12:32: 1. All men without exception 2. All men without distinction If we allow the facts of the immediate context, its grammar, word meanings determine the proper application, which one would be confirmed and which would be denied? A. Contextual Factors: 1. This conversation was introduced by some Gireeks/Gentiles seeking to follow Christ - vv. 19-22. 2. Verses 23-33 is Christ response to Gentiles seeking him and how his death related to that request. 3. Verse 33 gives the contextual reason for the words in verse 32, to show how he would die. Thus being lifted up refers to His death by the cross. 4. The Cross occurs at a historical point in time and verse 32 is conditioned upon first being lifted up to die. 5. Grammatically the term translated "all men" is found in the anarthous construction which can be legitimately translated "all men without distinction." B. All without Exception Application 1. This interpretation would demand that all human beings from Adam to the very last human being will be drawn to Christ because of the cross. 2. However, history is full of civilizations prior to the cross and in our own day where missionaries have gone and found that none living in that generation or the previous generation ever heard of Christianity, much less of Christ and the cross. This undeniable fact repudiates that "all" demands all humans without exception who have ever lived from Adam to the last human born. 3. At best this interpretation must be reduced to mean only "all" where the gospel is preached and known which denies it means "all without exception." C. All without Distinction 1. This fits the facts of the immediate context - Greeks/Gentiles seeking Christ. 2. This fits the possible grammatical interpretation of "all" as "all without distinction." 3. This fits the facts of the overall context as John 4 and Acts 10 clearly demonstrate the Jews had no dealings, could not even enter the house much less eat with a Gentile as they regarded them unclean. Thus the Jews restricted salvation to the Jews only. 4. This fits the previous exposition by Christ in John 6 where not all men without exception are drawn to Christ as there are "some" explicitly stated that were not drawn - Jn. 6:64-65. 5. This fits the preivous exposition by Christ in John 6 and the limited use of "all" in regard to whom the Father gives to come to Christ (Jn. 6:37-39). 6. This fits the prevous exposition by Chirst in John 6 in regard to the meaning fo the term "draw" as it is always used in the Greek New Testament as effectual in bringing something to the one drawing. 7. This fits the previous exposition by Christ in John 6:45 and the Old Testament quotations which limit "all" to the covenant children of God (Isa. 54:13; Jer. 31:33-34; Heb. 8, 10). CONCLUSION: Objectively, the interpretation of "all" as "all without distinction" fits the immeidate and context perfectly whereas the "all without exception" does not fit any of the immeidate context or overal contextual factors in regard to drawing or the cross. Now, can my opponents deal with my examination of John 12;32 objectively or will they simply resort to ridicule, RJP, personal attacks, distractions, etc.??? If I was a betting man (and I am not) I would bet they will resort to these cultic tactics.