On 20 March 1861, United States Senator James A. Bayard of Delaware began a three day speech on the prospects of war and the legality of secession from http://lewrockwell.com/orig10/mcclanahan10.1.html Bayard openly questioned the motivation behind the war against the South and wondered aloud how people could defend such a cause. "Could there be a more revolting proposition than that the individual man, who is domiciled in the State, and residing there, shall be held in the position that he is guilty of treason against the State if he does not side with her, and of treason against the General Government if he does?" He contended "humanity alone" must side with the "law of domicile" in such a situation. When his son-in-law joined the Union army in 1861, Bayard warned, "In embarking on this war therefore, you enlist in a war for invasion of another people. If successful it will devastate if not exterminate the Southern people and this is miscalled Union. If unsuccessful then peaceful separation must be the result after myriads of lives have been sacrificed, thousands of homes made desolate, and property depreciated to an incalculable extent. Why in the name of humanity can we not let those States go?" In a July 1861 speech entitled "Executive Usurpation," Bayard roasted the Lincoln administration and lamented the loss of liberty. The Constitution "which we had supposed gave us, as citizens of a free country, free institutions, in contradiction to the absolutism which reigned in France" was being subverted by an administration that smacked of Louis XIV, Oliver Cromwell, or Napoleon Bonaparte. Personal liberty was the cost of centralization. "If [you cherish] the principle of civil liberty, [you] cannot sustain this action of the President [suspension of habeas corpus] which violates the laws of the land, and abolishes all security for personal liberty to every citizen throughout…the loyal States….power always tends to corruption, and especially when concentrated in a single person.