"By original sin, as the phrase has been most commonly used by divines, is meant the innate sinful deparvity of the human heart." - Jonathan Edwards. Hey all, I am starting this thread to begin a discussion/debate on the topic of original and imputed sin, which some on these boards have continually denied. It will be my aim to prove that the doctrine is not the invention of men but rather of the Lord and the revelation of Scripture. I will also, God willing, defend this doctrine against all arguments and throughts that have lifted themselves up against it. So what is original and imputed sin, and what is the biblical evidence for this? Original/imputed sin is the historical Christian doctrine that all mankind is born into the world with sinful natures due to the sin of Adam. The difference between original and imputed sin is this. Original sin is the result of Adam's sin, that we enter into the world with sin natures. Imputed sin is that Adam's sin is credited not only to Adam, but to all his posterity as well. Mankind is regarded as having sinned IN Adam. This includes both guilt and corruption. One the primary Scriptures that teach this is Romans 5:12-21. Looking at the first verse we read, "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned..." The argument is plain here. Sin entered into the world by one man, Adam. Death entered into the world by sin. This was God's judgment. Death has passed to all men, because all have sinned. I know this subject was hotly debated in the context of infant salvation, and rightly so, because infants die. The mere fact that they die give proof of their inherited guilt from Adam. The fact that the rest who love all sin and fall short of the glory of God gives clear evidence of the corruption inherited. We do not see it in infants, the corruption, but it manifests over time. (everyone is a sinner who grows up) We know every man is a sinner, and I don't think anyone questions it. Ecc 7:20 "For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not." Psalm 51:5 says, "Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me." Certainly king David is not saying that his mother had him out of wedlock, or something of that sort, that David was the product of adultery. But that David's parents, themselves being in a condition of sin, concieved him, as all people who are born into the world. Even before being born, while in the womb, he was being 'shapen' was in iniquity. And I think this could speak to infants who are unborn who die in the womb or are aborted. Eph 2:2 calls all who are not in Christ "sons of disobedience" and Eph 2:3 says that we are by NATURE children of wrath. God does not direct His wrath to those who are not guilty. Thereofre, we are by NATURE sinners. God did not make us this way. Ecc 7:29 "Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions." This sinfulness Scripture speaks of from infancy. Psalm 22:15 " Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him." Gen. "And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done." Upon the word youth used here Jonathan Edwards comments, "The word translated youth, signifies the whole of the former part of the age of man, which commences from the beginning of life. The word in its derivation, has reference to the birth or beginning of existence...so that the word here translated youth, comprehends not only what we in English most commonly call the time of youth, but also childhood and infancy." Psalm 58:3 "The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies." Listen to the preacher describe the human race: "This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead." Ecc 9:3 The staff at Desiring God ministries (John Piper) had an excellent statement regarding this. It's worth the entire quote: Concernign the nature of mankind we say they are totally depraved. Not that all mankind is as wicked as they can be. But the corruption of sin, their nature, has affected every part of their being. "The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. " Psalm 14:2-3 "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? Jer 17:9 Does this not show us that the text assumes original corruption? The human heart is sinful, therefore all humans are sinful.