Paul’s words in Romans 5:12-21 have had a massive effect on the development of the theology and anthropological doctrine within the Church. Augustine formulated his doctrine of original sin in terms of this passage (e.g., Augustine, On Merit and the Forgiveness of Sins). This passage is offered as proof for the Westminster Confession’s claim that the guilt of Adam’s sin was imputed to all mankind. The foundational structure of covenantal theology find’s its origin in the Adam-Christ analogy that Paul develops most fully in this passage. Interacting on another thread, I realize that I have taken for granted specific areas of agreement. There are, no doubt, areas were people may agree but upon closer examination there exists a disagreement within the agreement. I am curious as to where many of us stand regarding “original sin”(and by this I mean sin inherited through Adam as a consequence of the Fall) and how we would relate Romans 5:12-14 to that doctrine. Romans 5:12-14 (NSAB) “Therefore, just as though one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned – for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.” I believe that men are sinners apart from the Law. In other words, we are not sinners because we sin, but we sin because we are sinners. Before I transgressed a commandment I was already a sinner (I was born that way) as through Adam’s transgression sin entered the world. So this “original sin” (sinfulness) is an inherited nature which manifests itself through sins (sinful acts). This is evidenced by death reining apart from any given law (specific or formally stated commandment). The consequences of sin is death. What is obviously absent from my explanation is that Adam’s transgression (as “breaking a law”) is not imputed to us as a “sin debt”. Instead we inherit both sin and death as a fallen nature (we, by nature, turn against God). This has implications on how I view the Atonement (God, through Christ, reconciling humanity to himself). What is your take on “Original Sin”, "Inherited Sin", “Imputed Sin” and Romans 5:12-14?