Of old it was often taught that the Holy Spirit did not "indwell" the redeemed of the OT, rather was "upon" them as a coat. On this thread I would like for the scholars of the BB to consider the "position" of the Spirit of God, and offer what Isaiah said with regard to Moses: Isa 63:7 I will mention the loving kindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his loving kindnesses. 8 For he said, Surely they [are] my people, children [that] will not lie: so he was their Savior. 9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. 10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them. 11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him? 12 That led [them] by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name? 13 That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, [that] they should not stumble? 14 As a beast goes down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name. In verse 11, the word "within" (qereb) is used to indicate the bowels, the center, the midst, ... Just as believers today have the Holy Spirit "within" them. It is acknowledged that some versions render the last word of verse 11 as "them." The KJV renders it "him" and the NASB also recognizes that option also as a valid translation. If you take that the Holy Spirit was in the "midst" (bowels, center, within) of "them," it follows the same thinking. That the Holy Spirit was not just upon them, moving around or encamped with them; rather, that the Holy Spirit was actually "within" them. In consideration of how Isaiah refers to the Holy Spirit indwelling Moses (or the people), can it be that others of the redeemed were also as believers today - as the very temple of God, the Holy Spirit dwelling within them? During the thread, perhaps a discussion might also include the state of the redeemed were then appointed at death to "paradise" rather than "Hades" just as the thief of the crucifixion scene was appointed by Christ. That it was (as other places in the OT are given) an example of the place the redeemed of the NT upon death - no longer that OT paradise of a "holding tank keeping" but present with the Lord as He gave Paul to write to the Corinthians. On a personal note: I have long taken that salvation is offered only one way. That all people, of all time, are redeemed the same way. That would include the "seal" of the Holy Spirit, and therefore at death, there was no part in the Hades of the OT. A gulf being fixed between the securely safe pleasurable dwelling of paradise and that of the horrible hell (parable of Lazarus). What determined the dwelling place? The very Spirit of God - same as today.