Finally, those who wish to reject both abstract objects and an unembodied mind as the cause of the universe need to offer an alternative. Given the criteria, I cannot fathom what that could be. If no other alternative is possible, then they must either reject the causal principle and say the universe popped into existence uncaused, or else embrace an eternal universe. Given the fact that the causal principle is one of our strongest metaphysical intuitions and enjoys undisputed empirical confirmation, and given the fact that the scientific evidence and philosophical arguments against an eternal universe are more than compelling, neither is a good option. We have good reason, then, to think the cause of the universe was a powerful, intelligent, immaterial, non-spatial, eternal mind. This is an apt description of what most theists have traditionally meant by the term "God." Since an eternal, non-spatial, immaterial, intelligent mind is what most mean by God," we cannot help but conclude that God is that which has always existed. He is a necessary being, who contains within Himself the sufficient cause for His own existence, as well as the existence of everything else. If anything is, God is. Without Him nothing would be that is, and nothing would live that is alive, and nothing could move that does move. There couldn't be change without the power of changing, there couldn't be anything changing without the power of being to make some being in the process of changing. If anything exists, then there must be pure Being, because without the power of being nothing could be. And something must exist necessarily, that is, it must have the power of being within itself, or nothing could be. Even if there was a time when there was nothing, absolutely nothing, no being of any kind, no becoming only non-being, what could there possibly be then, but nothing. If there was a time when there was nothing there couldn't possibly be anything now. For if there is anything there is this inexorable law of rationality. it is the law "Out of nothing, nothing comes." Why? Because there is nothing to produce it. It has nothing, it ca do nothing, it is not. For there to be anything, somewhere, somehow, or sometime, there must be something, or someone, that has the power of being within itself. And that is what the Apostle Paul is declaring to the philosophers on Mars Hill in Athens, that all other being or becomings, creatures, are derived from this One Who has the power of Being Himself eternally. Who long has the credentials to match the job description for Creation. The cause of the universe must be personal in order to have a temporal effect produced by an eternal cause. This confirms the biblical doctrine of creatio ex nihilo. "For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse." (Rom. 1:18-20). Since the beginning of time, man has been without excuse for denying the God of the universe. The Bible makes the audacious claim that God has revealed Himself to all mankind from the beginning of creation; so much so, that no one will be able to stand before Him and proclaim, "I never knew you." God has provided an immeasurable amount of evidence that cannot be ignored. Try as you might, there is too much to completely discount.