Out all the tribes in the world the Hebrews were chosen as God's own people, they became known as Israelites, the servants of the Most High. Because of their rebellion and failure to uphold the Law, God brought judgment against them from other nations, by the Babylonians in 586 BC and Romans in 70 AD and exiled them to Babylon and the nations respectively. The 70 AD destruction of Jerusalem and exile to other nations was the direct result of their rejection of Christ and the gospel. Again His people are being regathered back into their home land (Zep. 2:1-2; Eze. 22:17-21; 38:8; 39:27), not for His glory but for God's judgement on a "disobedient and obstinate people" (Isa. 65:2; Rom. 10:21). Prophetically this ingathering began when Israel was reestablished by the UN in 1948. The coming judgment of Israel is known as "Jacob's trouble" or "great tribulation," a time of "great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now - and never to be equaled again" (Mt. 24:21). During this period they will be exiled a third time and "taken as prisoners to all the nations" (Lk.21:24; Eze. 22:15; Hos. 5:14; 9:17; Joel 3:2,6). Jesus offered the kingdom of God to the Jew first (Rom 1:16; 2:9) , which they still reject to this day (John 1:11; 12:37). Because of their rejection of Christ and the kingdom of God "salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious" (Rom. 11:11), this will continue until the full number of Gentiles are taken into the Church (Rom. 11:25). When the number of Gentiles is complete judgment of His people and the sinful world will commence with the great tribulation. God's servants during the OT and Gospels were Israelites, because of their rejection of the kingdom of God, he is now taking out of this world Gentiles and a remnant of Jews for himself as servants of God. This change was prophesied in Isaiah 65. Havesting of grapes often portrays God's judgment of wicked people (Joel 3:13; Rev. 14:14-19), the same is said of his servants the Israelites during the great tribulation, Isa. 65:8. Afterwards He will restore his "elect" to the Land during the Millennium (v.9-10; Mt. 24:31). Verse 11 takes us back before the great tribulation during the Church Age when the Israelites are no longer called the servants of God. As to the Israelites, they continue to forsake their God (1:1-6) and worship the gods of materialism and fame. 12. The present evil in Israel is great (1:10,15-16,21; 59:4,7,12-15) the only recourse God has is to "destine (Israel) for the sword" (Lk. 21:24). 13. During Israel's present rebellion and the dispensation of grace there are servants who partake in the bread and water of life (Jn. 6:32-36,41,48,51) while Israelites go hungry and thirsty. His servants will rejoice in the Lord (Phil. 4:4) while Israelites suffer shame (Rom. 9:33; 10:11). 14. His servants sing unto the Lord (Rom. 15:9-11) and have the love of God in their hearts (John 5:42) while Israelites suffer from grieving the Holy Spirit (Isa. 63:10). 15. God's name given to the Israelites now belongs to the servants of Jesus (Exo. 19:6; 1 Pet. 2:9), they are called by a different name (Acts 11:26).