I did not want to disrupt the other thread so- http://replacementtheology.org/ This theme of Jew / Gentile unity is replayed so many times in the New Testament. To reject the premise of one people of God is almost to reject the message of Christianity. Here are just a few passages that show this overwhelming theme of unity. Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. Romans 3:22 This righteousness is given through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile, The sovereignty of God described in Romans 9 has more to do with God’s choice to make one people out of two! Romans 9:22-27 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction? 23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory— 24 even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles? 25 As he says in Hosea: “I will call them ‘my people’ who are not my people; and I will call her ‘my loved one’ who is not my loved one,” A verse in Romans 15 makes it very clear that the New Testament Church (made up predominantly of Gentiles) didn’t “replace” the Jews, but shared the blessing of the Jews. Romans 15:27 They were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have shared in the Jews’ spiritual blessings, they owe it to the Jews to share with them their material blessings. (Underline mine.) Through the Church, God had made one people out of two. 1 Corinthians 12:13 For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. Colossians 3:11 Here there is no Gentile or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave or free, but Christ is all, and is in all. The most convincing passage of God’s sovereign plan to have one people of God is found in Ephesians 3. Eph 3:6 This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. Again, there is no “Replacement” going on here.Gentiles were "heirs together" with Israel.The Gospel made Jews and Gentiles part of the same family as joint heirs. Jews and Gentiles also were “one body” in Christ. One can conclude that neither are Jews and Gentiles "two bodies" with two timelines and two plans of salvation. “Replacement Theology” contends that the Church has taken over the promises given the Jews.How can this be when Eph 3:6 saysthat the church – made up of believing Jews and Gentiles – are now sharers together in the promise of Christ Jesus?