This is a continuation of a sub-thread that was going on in the "Replacement Theology" thread which, unfortunately, I believe has been buried too deeply and gone on too long for me to simply add this post to the end. Early on in that thread, Pastor Larry wrote: "In this discussion we have to deal with explicit unfulfilled promises made to the physical descendants of Abraham." I believe the point was that since there are outstanding promises in the Abrahamic Covenant that have yet to be delivered to the physical descendants of Abraham, "replacement theology" (i.e. God's transferring his covenantal rule from the children of Abraham according the flesh to the spiritual children of Abraham according to faith) was a fallacy. So over my Christmas holidays, I sat down with a Bible, a concordance, and the TSK and went through all the promises made to Abraham in Genesis - systematically ordering those promises according to topic and seeking out their fulfillment elsewhere in the Scriptures, in order to determine which one(s) of them remain unfulfilled 4000 years after being given. Unless otherwise indicated, all chapter/verse references are taken from Genesis. Promises of Blessings Status: Fulfilled. Blessings are promised to Abraham (Gen. 12:2; 22:16) and to those who bless him (12:3; conversely those who curse Abraham are themselves cursed). Also, blessings are to come to the nations of the earth through Abraham's seed (12:3; 22:18). Paul specifically declares the last of these to be fulfilled in the coming of the Gospel to the Gentiles through Christ (cf. Gal. 3:8). The remainder are fulfilled in a general way, as seen by God's favour upon Abraham and his offspring. Abraham is also promised a peaceful death at a "good old age" (15:15). He lived to be 175 (25:7-8). Promises Concerning Ishmael Status: Fulfilled. These promises are not germane to the present point, but just for the sake of completeness I include them and get them out of the way. Ishmael was not Abraham's heir, but since he was Abraham's offspring, God promised that he would multiply exceedingly and be the father of a great nation and "twelve princes" (17:20; see also 21:13). These promises were fulfilled to the letter (see 25:12-17). Promises of an Heir Status: Fulfilled. Both Abraham (15:4) and Sarah (17:16,19) are promised an heir despite their advanced age. This promise is fulfilled in the birth of Isaac (21:2). Promises of Many Descendants and a Great Nation Status: Fulfilled. God promised Abraham that he would renew his covenant with Isaac and his descendants. This he does, with Isaac (26:3-5), with Jacob (35:9-15), and with the Israelites at Sinai (Exod. 20-23). Abraham is promised that he will have many descendants through Isaac (17:2,6; 21:12). They will be innumerable, like the stars of the heavens or the sand of the seashore (15:5; 22:17). Solomon prays to God for wisdom to rule over "a great people who cannot be numbered or counted for multitude" (1 Kings 3:8); in fact the author of 1 Kings says that "Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance" (1 Kings 4:20). Nehemiah also affirms that "Thou didst make their sons numerous as the stars of heaven" (Neh. 9:23). Abraham is further promised that his seed "shall possess the gate of their enemies" (22:17); the conquests of Joshua (Josh. 1-12) and David (2 Sam. 8:1-18), to name two, fulfill this promise. The promise to make Abraham's name great (12:2) is said to have already occurred, in Deut. 26:5, and it is restated in 2 Sam. 7:9. God promises Abraham that he would be the father of many nations and that Sarah would be the mother (12:2, 17:4,5,6,16). The fulfillment of this promise in the twelve tribes of Israel is self-evident - the remainder of the Old Testament deals exclusively with the nation of Israel. A number of promises were made that found their specific fulfilment in the Israelites' deliverance from Egypt. These are: </font> that Abraham's seed would be "strangers in a land that is not theirs (15:13)</font> they shall be slaves for 400 years (15:13)</font> the nation that enslaved them would be judged (15:14)</font> Abraham's seed would "come out with many possessions" (15:14)</font> in "the fourth generation" they would return to Canaan (15:16)</font> Finally, Abraham is promised that "kings of peoples" shall come from his line. These would include Saul (1 Sam. 10:24), David and his line (2 Sam. 5:3), and of course this promise finds its ultimate fulfillment in the King of kings, Jesus Christ himself. Promises of Land Status: Fulfilled. Abraham is promised the land of Canaan as his possession and that of his descendants (12:7). In places this is said to be "all the land which you see" (13:14-15) and, most specifically, "[f]rom the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates" (17:18). Joshua conquered it: Some land was lost in border skirmishes during the rule of the judges, but David regained it: Solomon ruled over it: In conclusion All the promises given to Abraham by God have been fulfilled. None remain outstanding. Joshua affirms it: Nehemiah reaffirms it: So the question remains: What part of the covenant with Abraham remains unfulfilled and awaiting the millennial kingdom to be realized?