I see a lot of Calvinists quote from Romans 9 to try to prove their points -- it almost seems like Rom. 9 is mostly what they quote. But isn't Rom. 9 about the Jewish nation not recognizing Jesus as the Messiah and how God used that for his own purposes? The chapter ends with Paul saying that God says that Israel pursued righteousness by works and not by faith and that is why they did not attain it. Do you think God forced the Israelistes to pursue it by works? I don't think so. I think that because they hardened their hearts, which God knew would happen, he gave them over to it and let them be deceived. The NET Bible says this about Rom. 9-11: I'm going to try to restrain myself and see what others say.