Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: In the book of Romans the Apostle covers a wide variety of things relating to "the faith" as a system of "doctrine" they had received (Rom. 15:16) but in Romans 3:24:5:2 one particular "doctrine" is in view separated from all others and that is "justification by faith." He is not dealing with regeneration, progressive sanctification, adoption, glorification, elect, predestion or any other number of individual distinct teachings involved in "the faith" as a body of doctrine. In this context: 1. Abraham is set forth as the UNIVERSAL case example for ALL who are of faith before and after the cross as he actually existed prior to the cross. 2. In Romans 4:5-8 he defines "justification" to consist of imputed righteousness and non-imputation of sin or remission of sins. 3. In Romans 4:9-11 he deals explicitly with both HOW and WHEN Abraham was justified (imputed righteousness and remission of sins) in relationship with external divine ordinances - circumcision. 4. He utterly rejects that Abraham was justified (imputed righteousness/remitted sins) while "IN CIRCUMCISION" - vv. 9-11 By denying that he was justified "in circumcision" utterly denies that justification is a progressive unfinished work concurrent with his life in circumicision. Instead it was a completed action at the point of faith (Aorist tense) and progressively continues as a completed state throughout his life (perfect tense - Rom. 5:2). 5. He utterly denies that circumcision was instituted to provide the "promise" of any salvation but was instituted to be a an external "sign" of justification by faith received "in uncircumcision." 6. Abraham is not an isolated case or a case contrary to the rule. He is set forth as the RULE for "ALL" who are "of faith" - Rom. 4:11-12; 16; Gal. 3:6-7. 7. Sacramentalism is a complete repudiation of Romans 4:5-12. 8. Roman Catholic definition of justifying "faith" is completely repudiated by Paul in Romans 4:16-25. These are the Biblical facts and they are not based upon FEELINGS but upon contextual facts that cannot be honestly or objectively overturned.