Hi Everybody, I'm currently doing a study of spiritual warfare and came across a paper (linked below) dealing with the OT concept that God presided over some kind of assembly of divine, created, beings (as in Job). Unlike much of the material I found on the subject, this one is well written and researched by a Hebrew-Semitic language scholar and textual critic, who carefully guards the integrity of the Hebrew scriptures, IMO. I am a strict biblicist but am interested in any honest attempt to shed light on such scriptures as 1Kings 22:19-23, Psalm 82, Deuteronomy 32:8, Jeremiah 23:18,22, Psalm 89:6-7, and their relationship to Ephesians 6:12, Colossians 1:16, Colossians 2:15 & many others. My primary question is: Since we know we wrestle and practice warfare "against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places", how can the picture the OT gives us of God's heavenly creation, His order of heavenly beings, cosmic warfare, etc. help us on a practical, everyday level? So far, I have found that a strict Biblical concept of a "divine council", or "divine assembly", or meetings, or various times "when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and satan came also among them" (Job 1:6, 2:1), to be helpful in the understanding of spiritual warfare, binding together relevant ideas presented in scripture and resulting in a net increase of faith, since it only further exalts and glorifies our Father's omnipotence, authority, omniscience and mind-boggling eternal plan. I'm anxious to see if, in the end, the concept holds up to Biblical scrutiny and criticism, and if it is as valuable on a practical, everyday level as I suspect it could be. I would be interested in your thoughts or insight on this subject. The follow up question would be: What is the effect of the cross and resurrection on this OT way of doing business? And how does all this affect us? Here's the link (this is a PDF file): Deuteronomy 32:8 and the Sons of God One disclaimer: I'm respectful of the inherent danger in diving into a topic like this and would suggest anyone approach it with the utmost caution and discernment, as I have. As a biblicist, I care only about the Truth, and am fanatical about error of any kind. This is a subject that can easily lead to Mormon theology, ancient near-East mythology, and even UFO/occult connections. None of that is of interest except to the extent it could shed light on the topic. Thanks.