The Atonement. What does it achieve and who was it for. I say it was for the people of God only. The reason I say this is because the type, yom kippur, was only for the Israelites. PS 47:19 He has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and decrees to Israel. 20 He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws. yom kippur was never meant to atone but to show a spiritual reality that those who were saved in Israel, ...For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel Romans 9:6, were well aware of. They looked forward to the crucifixtion as we look back. They celebrated the death of Christ with the atonement ceremony as we celebrate His death with the bread and wine. That the atonement was a sacrifice that dealt conclusively with sin in the sinner taking away punishment for the sin and sins committed on an individual basis. So we read, 1 Sam 3:14 Therefore, I swore to the house of Eli, `The guilt of Eli's house will never be atoned for by sacrifice or offering.' " Since Wes says that Jesus paid the penalty for ALL SIN, as he would put it, then how is it that Eli's house was not included in this all embracing atonement? Wes knows about this and rejects it while sticking to his belief that no one is going to Hell because of sin because the atonement was for all sin. Israel itself is a type and is meant to show us spiritual truths using physical demonstrations. Israel represents the Church. The Church is the reality of the type and so the Church is spiritual Israel and spiritual Israel, PS 47:19 He has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and decrees to Israel. 20 He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws, is being addressed here and in many other places. When God speaks to Israel in the OT then He is speaking to His Church. (There might be occasions that deal with the Israelites in particular but in the main He is speaking to us. What was true of Israel is true of His Church.) The Day of Atonement shows us in clear language and without shadow the exact representation of Christ's atonement in detail and God's character. It cannot be anything else but limited atonement. john.