There are different ways to view the Atonement. I see them as comprising mainly two thoughts. One is that the Atonement is likened to a forensics proceeding such as one would expect to see in a court of law where a specific amount of infractions are covered by a specific action by the court. A literal amount of sin covered by a literal payment for those sins. This could also be termed as the literal payment theory regarding the Atonement. The other point of view would view the Atonement as a governmental satisfaction of the debt incurred by sin, not as a forensic proceeding or a literal payment. It would view God as making a sacrifice, not specifically or directly applied to any specific individual’s sin, but rather as a general sacrifice, as making a general sacrifice for the sins of all, that would allow for, not accomplish simply in and of itself, the fulfilling of the demands of the law,only when certain conditions are met. It might be viewed as God making a sacrifice that has every capability of being applied to every sin, and having the capacity to set aside every sin that has ever been committed, yet such capacity is held in reserve to be applied to individual sins ONLY as the sinner meets the demands of the conditions for forgiveness that God has mandated must be fulfilled in order for ones personal account of sins to be erased. I personally believe that the Atonement is not a literal payment for sin, otherwise, logically, universalism would by necessity be true, or one would have to believe that the sufferings by Christ on the cross was ineffective to secure its end, i.e., the actual debt of all sins being paid in full once for all. If God stills holds the sinner who fails to be saved responsible for his sins, it is double jeopardy seeing that they have all already been paid for, IF the literal payment theory is correct. Again it would make the Atonement of Christ seem impotent to accomplish what the literal payment theory says was accomplished. The literal payment theory, a theory that claims that all past present and future sins were literally paid for on the cross, is simply not supported by Scripture or reason. Let me stop here and get some feed back.