The book of James says it is to the twelve tribes of Israel, scattered abroad. The Jews were scattered when carried away unto captivity by the Babylons. Is it possible that James was still working on the First Commission given by Jesus "go ye to the lost sheep of the house of Israel". The ones he was addressing were not the saved, it seems to me like. It does not seem to be addressing a Church. He called them brothers because they were fellow Jews. I will appreciate your responses.