If election and being foreordained applied only to the apostles and particular individuals as Brother Bill teaches, then I submit that Brother Bill is teaching that God is a respecter of persons. Paul is blessed with seeing the glorified Jesus so that he is saved. Thomas doubts and he is blessed with seeing the nail prints in Jesus's hands and the wound in His side so that he is saved. The other apostles are blessed with traveling with Jesus for several years and witnessing His miracles first-hand and they are saved. So, according to Brother Bill's "assumptions" as I understand them, election only applies to these particularly elected individuals so that their salvation is a sure thing. But the rest of us can only read about these things so our salvation is now in our own hands and is anything but a sure thing. Brother Bill has created in his flawed theology a sort of "elect of the elect", or a "particular election of election". With all due respect, I do not buy into his assumptions. Truly, the non-Calvinist schemes that they can come up with are a quite large plethora.