The Bible believer knows that however it comes about before the Lord Jesus Christ returns, the unbelieving nation of Israel will build a Temple on the Mount in Jerusalem and re-institute Temple worship. Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4 KJV Considering the bloodshed and violence unleashed across Israel over the recent decades and the entrenched positions of both Israel and the Arabs and Palestinians concerning the final status of Jerusalem, one can only imagine the magnitude of any sequence of geopolitical events that would bring this prophecy to pass. It WILL come to pass sometime in the future; a literal Temple will be built and it is a prophecy you can 100% bank on coming to pass before the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. How this will happen is far from clear in light of current hostilities and the respective religious and political positions. One key to how this could come about may be found in the writings of the prophet Daniel. In future times, after that Temple is built in Jerusalem, there is a prophecy about a "Holy Covenant" already being in place for some time prior. Here are the references: Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. Daniel 11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart [shall be] against the holy covenant; and he shall do [exploits], and return to his own land. Daniel 11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant. Daniel 11:32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do [exploits]. These passages of prophecy seem to indicate that there will be some form of treaty or "covenant" between Israel and the Arab world over the question of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. It could be a covenant between both sides to share the Mount; the Jews build their Temple and are free to worship there, while the Arabs are free to worship beside them at the Al-Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques, with both sides respecting each other's religious claim to the Mount. A far-fetched idea? Not really. Look at what is said in the book of Revelation about the Temple and the Mount during the Great Tribulation: Revelation 11:1-2 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months. Keep in mind that both Israel and the Arabs are blood cousins, being the common descendants of Abraham through his sons Isaac and Ishmael respectively. Both people's faiths are rooted in the same traditions and they are both from common genetic stock, although the Messianic line is through the bloodline of Isaac and Jacob (the Hebrews). Both of these people's current religious systems, in spite of their differences in practice and belief, have one very important thing in common: Both deny that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and that God came in the flesh in the person of the Lord Jesus. 1 John 4:3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world. 2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. Therefore, based on the authority of the Scriptures, both the mainline Jewish and Islamic faiths of today (to say nothing of other world religions and apostate "Christian" cults and sects) are all under that spirit of antichrist. It is not inconceivable that both the Jews and Arabs, indeed the whole religious world, could find a basis for religious unity under that spirit (religions of works and ritual), not faith in the shed blood of Jesus for justification before God. I realize that this is not politically correct or ecumenical, but such seems to be the Scriptural facts of reality.