From another thread I alluded to God opening Lydia's heart as an act of regeneration and someone asked me to comment on it in light of the fact that she was already a God-fearer and therefore we should understand "The Lord opened Lydia's heart" differently. The reason why I saw the action of God as an act of regeneration is backed up by the Cornelius story: 1. Cornelius was a God-fearer, to whom the gospel had to be preached. 2. After Peter mentioned that forgiveness is received by those who believe in Jesus, the Spirit fell on Cornelius and his (Acts 10:43, 44). 3. Later at the Jerusalem council Peter referred to this incident: After there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles would hear the word of the gospel and believe. (Acts 15:7) "And God, who knows the heart, testified to them giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us; (Acts 15:8) "and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith." (Acts 15:9). In Acts 11:13-15 Peter reiterated that he had to preach words through which Cornelius and his might be saved. Being a God-fearer, therefore, does not mean a person is already saved. Like Lydia Cornelius heart had to be opened by the Spirit to respond to Peter's words of salvation, the gospel presentation.