I noticed that more than one on this forum has asserted that it was Abraham's faith that is "credited for righteousness." This is a misnomer, if those using this phrase mean one of three things below: 1. That this "faith" does not represent or is not inseparable from its object - which is the gospel of Christ. 2. That Abraham did not receive the legal position of righteousness before God at the point of faith. 3. That righteousness was put on credit for Abraham to receive sometime after his life If any of these are being asserted by the phrase "faith being credited for righteousness" then those using this phrase are teaching "another gospel" and denying the very substance of justification by faith as Paul is presenting the justification of Abraham by faith as THE STANDARD PATTERN for "all who are of faith." All three positions should be regarded as absolute heresies and rejected by all true children of God and openly and repeatedly condemned as the worst of errors. A. Abraham's Faith and imputed righteousness inseparable from its object. Rom. 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Rom. 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Rom. 4:23 ¶ Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; Please note Romans 4:5 that Abraham's faith is not merely generic but has a specified object "believeth ON HIM." Note that when applied to you in me in Romans 4:23 that our faith to be justifying faith must have the very same specified object "If we believe ON HIM that raised up Jesus." The reason Abraham's faith is imputed for righteousness is because it is placed in the promise of God concerning the provision of Christ for salvation and it is that provision that provided him the legal position as righteous before God and the legal basis for remission of sins. 1. Remission of sins by faith in Christ had been preached by all the prophets: To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. - Acts 10:43 2. Sacrifices were the believers visible expression of faith in God's provision for their sin which symbolized Christ. the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. - Rev. 13:8 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.-Jn. 1:29 B. Abrahams legal status by faith is righteousness and remission of sins at the point of faith - Rom. 4:6-8 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 7 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 9 ¶ Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. Paul uses David to describe the blessed state of remitted sins and imputed righteousness which he applies directly to Abraham and his doctrine of justification by faith. To be justified by faith is to attain this blessed state and to be this blessed man. Paul is arguing that Abraham attained that state before God - that his sins were remitted and the righteousness of God was imputed to him = justification. This should be obvious as the Law has two demands against every child of fallen Adam. (1) Condemned by sin; (Rom. 3:19-20). (2) Come short of the glory of God - God's own righteousness (Rom. 3:21-23). The essence of justification is to satisfy both demands of the law. Abraham in his own person did not satisfy either nor could he ever satisfy them in his own person but remained "ungodly" in his own person with regard to both standards as long as he lived on earth just like us. Justification removed legal condemnation by the Law by the removal of all sin and imputation of God's own righteousness received "by faith" in God's promised gospel provision (Gal. 3:6-8) found only "in Christ" but symbolized by sacrifice (Gal. 3:17). C. Our Status of justification can be no different than Abraham's as it is his justification that is our Pattern rather than our justification is his pattern. - Rom. 4:11; Gal. 3:6-8 CONCLUSION: To be "justified by faith" is to be justified by the gospel provision of the promised Christ that obtains the status of "the blessed man" before the legal tribunal of God at the point of faith. Abraham was thus justified "in uncirumcision" as a completed action (Aorist tense verb "justified - v. 11) just as we are.