5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved Paul uses an Aorist tense (quickened) and a Perfect tense (saved) verbs to describe regeneration. Both are found in the passive voices which demands that man is the object of the action rather than participating in the action. The completed action verbs demand it is a PAST tense completed punctillar action that stands complete and is not progressive or incompleted action. We are not "being quickened." Third, this is an action that counters a past condition "were dead in sins" and this past condition is further explained by Paul in this very same epistle in these words: Eph. 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: They are "dead IN RESPECT TO sins". The Greek text does not use any preposition ("in") in Ephesians 2:1,5. Instead, it only uses a definite noun that is found in the dative case (within the five case system) and because of the overall context of scripture must be interpreted as a Dative of Reference/Respect. God says in Isaiah 59:1 that sin separates people from God and this separation is precisely what Paul continues to describe the unregenerated state in Ephesians 4:18 "alienated from the life of God" which means they are "dead" due to "darkened" and "blindness" and "ignorance" which are all descriptives of the condition of sin (Jn. 3:19-20). Quickening is the REVERSAL of this "dead" or being "alienated from the life of God" due to sin. Sin is not described as deeds or actions in Ephesians 4:18 but as a CONDITION or STATE of heart. The heart is the unseen internal man and the SEAT of desire, thoughts and volition. In regard to the mind, the condition is "darkened" and in "ignorance." In regard to the heart or seat of desires, the heart is in "blindness" (lit. hardened, caloused). Hence, the condition that quickening reverses is a "darkened....ignorance....blinded" state of the heart. Hence, Quickening must be inclusive of LIGHT, KNOWLEGE and SENSIBILITY as the very inherent characteristis of quickening, regeneration or new birth. This is why Jesus said that eternal life "IS" REVELATION of the true God and HIs Son Jesus Christ - Jn. 17:3. This is why Jesus told Peter that the substance of his confession of faith was not obtained from "flesh and blood" but was REVEALED to Him by the Father. This is why Paul told the Corinthians that salvation is by direct revelation as a creative act of God (2 Cor. 4:6). This is why Paul told the Thessalonians the gospel must not come merely in word only but "in power and in the Spirit and in much assurance." Human instruments can only bring the gospel TO sinners but God alone can REVEAL it WITHIN sinners. It is this REVELATION within that is regeneration/quickening/new birth. This act of God is limited to only "as many as the Father has given me" - Jn. 17:2-3 and that is precisely why "all that the Father giveth me shall come to me" as the very substance of faith is the content of this direct revelation in the heart by a creative act of God: 2 Cor. 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. Thus the darkened, ignorant, blinded condition of the depraved heart is transformed by the "command" of God using the gospel that has been brought TO the sinner but within whom only God uses it to speak into existence a new heart and new spirit creating light where darkness, ignorance and hardness had been. This creative work of God is according to particular redemption as: 26 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: 27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; 28 And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: 29 That no flesh should glory in his presence. 30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: 31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. Arminians cannot say this because they beleive ALL who are under the sound of the gospel are EQUALLY called. Here "called' means "quickened" or born again by the creative word of God as it does in Romans 8:29.