But Baptists claim to have a religious practice that goes back to the first century and avoids the errors of Christian tradition. So why have Baptists adopted the Orthodox Catholic military tradition? (Sidebar: Bainton is an excellent writer and historian) From http://www.spiritualitytoday.org/spir2day/863821murphy.html "Yale church historian Roland Bainton writes, "From the end of the New Testament period to the decade 170-180 there is no evidence whatever of Christians in the army. All of the East and West repudiated participation in warfare for Christians." Guy F. Hershberger adds, "it is quite clear that prior to about AD 174 it is impossible to speak of Christian soldiers." None of the Christian leaders in the pre-Constantinian era (ca. 313) approved of a military career for disciples of Jesus Christ."