That the United states was founded as a Christian nation was affirmed by a decision handed down by the Supreme Court in 1892, just over 100 years after the founding of this Republic, in the case: Church Of The Holy Trinity V. United States. “Our laws and our institutions must necessarily be based upon and embody the teachings of The Redeemer of mankind. It is impossible that it should be otherwise; and in this sense and to the this extent our civilization and our institutions are emphatically Christian. ... This is a religious people. This is historically true. From the discovery of this continent to the present hour, there is a single voice making this affirmation. ... we find everywhere a clear recognition of the same truth. ... These and many other matters which might be noticed, add a volume of unofficial declarations to the mass of organic utterances that this is a Christian nation.” Since the United States was formed as a Christian nation it is obvious that God was instrumental in its founding, including its founding documents, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution The United States is a product, a fruit, of Western Civilization, just as Western Civilization is a product of Christianity [and thus, Judaism] and Classical Civilizations. However, it is basically impossible to separate the culture and government of a people from its religion. If one examines all the cultures/governments/religions of the world I believe they will find that only the Judeo/Christian culture/religion recognizes that the individual has intrinsic value. If a culture does not acknowledge the intrinsic value of the individual the government is likely to be totalitarian and barbarian. Man, the epitome of God’s creative active, is of infinite value to God else why would Jesus Christ, God the Son, die to reconcile man to God. Therefore, the intrinsic value of the individual is a basic tenant of the Christian faith. I believe that the greatest failing of Western Civilization as it existed in Europe, even though they claimed a nominal Christianity, was its failure to recognize the intrinsic worth of the individual. Even with the progress that Western Civilization made as it overcame the dark ages it failed to adequately recognize this truth. There were always some countrymen who were considered of lesser value than others. The tenets of Western Civilization that were imposed on Central and South America certainly failed to recognize the worth of the individual and this truth is still largely ignored. Democratic governments have had a tough time in South/Central America. Not only is the intrinsic value of the individual a basic tenant of the Christian faith it is also a basic tenant that was incorporated into the formation of the Republic. This nation was thus unique among all the nations of the world. This is one reason, among many, that I believe this nation was founded as a Christian nation because only in Christ is the worth of the individual validated. It is true that the founding document that initially recognizes the worth of man, the Declaration of Independence, was written by a diest, Thomas Jefferson, but God does work in mysterious ways. Nevertheless the Constitution, particularly with the first ten amendments, recognizes that man is endowed by God with certain inalienable rights and is written, when properly interpreted, to protect those rights. It can, therefore, be argued that the unique contribution of the foundation of this nation to Western Civilization in particular and civilization in general is its recognition of the intrinsic worth of the individual. Let me state at this point that I do not believe in any union between church and state, one will become dominant to the detriment of both. The Church is a spiritual entity. As we Baptist like to say the Church is to be in the world but not of it. The state is a secular organization. The words of Jesus Christ which make this clear: And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar’s, and unto God the things which be God’s [Luke 20:25, KJV]. Back to my contention that this nation was founded as a Christian nation. This nation, perhaps miraculously, was founded during the age of rationalism, a time when many intellectuals were diests, and a time when perhaps a majority of the people in this country were not professing Christians. Yet Kenneth Latourette in his book A History of Christianity, Volume 2, page 963, writes about the impact of Christians as follows: ”Confronted with a majority which, uprooted from its European environment where affiliation with the Church was required, was drifting towards pure secularism, they rose to the emergency. Through the Great Awakening they were reaching out to the unchurched. Here and there, notably in Jonathan Edwards, independence of thought was appearing in the American-born whites. In general, perhaps because of its predominantly Reformed rootage, American Protestantism was activistic. Especially in New England and in the Quaker colonies, it was seeking to build here and now an ideal Christian society. This extreme Protestantism with its strong Reformed strain was helping to shape the nascent nation. Even though those with a formal church membership constituted only a small fraction of the population, ideals and institutions were being moulded by their faith. Moral standards were set by it. It was resisting sexual irregularities, profanity, faithlessness to promises, drunkenness, quarreling, and gambling. It was easing the impact of the whites upon the Indians and the Negroes. It was responsible for most of such formal education as existed. All the colleges founded before 1750 had their beginnings in the zeal of earnest Christians and most of them were closely connected with the churches. The Protestantism of the Thirteen Colonies was laying the foundations for the democracy which found expression in the American Revolution and the United States. For example, in New England the clergy were preaching the rights which come from nature and nature's God, the theory that all men are born free, the duty of resistance to encroachments on those rights, and the popular element in government. While many of the clergy looked askance at pure democracy, the radical Protestantism which predominated in the churches in the Thirteen Colonies, seeking as it was to carry through the distinctive principles of the Reformation, salvation by the faith of the individual and the priesthood of all believers, underlay and permeated the democracy which characterized the United States.” Note: Latourette uses the term extreme Protestantism in contrast to the Church of England.