I find it fascinating that so many of the arguments for free will hang on single words. The problem is that advocates of salvation by free will choice give meaning to these words that the words do not have on their own. Just to cite two examples: John 3:16, "whosoever" means that salvation is available to all 2 Peter 3:9 "any" means ALL men who ever lived, lives, or will live These words are open to qualification, and advocates of free will are qualifying them according to their own views. These words do not dictate these views. Words like "whosoever", "any", "all" can all be qualified different ways. Any of whom? All of whom? Whosoever of whom? You can just as easily say "Whosoever is 6 feet tall or taller" and suddenly the word "whosoever" no longer dictates the interpretation that it is open to everyone. You can easily say "any of the citizens of Newark, NJ" and suddenly "any" no longer dictates the interpretation that it refers to all men who lived, live or will live. You can say "all of those who ate spinach for dinner" and suddenly "all" does not dictate all men who lived, live or will live. Someone will say that advocates for election responding to these claims argue an interpretation of these words based on their views. Fair enough. But these are responses to arguments for free will. If I'm wrong, show me, but I do not see advocates of election hanging their soteriology on their private qualification of single words like "whosoever", "any" or "all". To be fair, free will advocates do not base their soteriology entirely on private interpration of single words. They also base it on their private interpretation of what God would do. "Why would God say choose if He didn't give us the ability to choose?" But again, this is the weakest of all foundations for drawing any conclusions about anything. God is not subject to what we think He would or would not do. I, for one, would like to see free will argued strictly from scripture without any added opinion or qualification. Let me give a counterexample: Romans 8:29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified. I don't see how one can state election more clearly. None of the above words need to be qualified in order for election to stand. The only word that can be misinterpreted by free will advocates is the word "foreknew", and that is only possible because the English is open to debate. But the meaning of this word in the Greek is not open to debate. It is proginosko, which means to know intimately beforehand (not to know what they were going to choose). There is a mountain of scripture like the above. But where are the verses in the Bible that state free will just as clearly? Where are the verses that say, "For God saved those who chose of their own free will to believe?" Or does free will really hang on the private interpretation of single words, and private intepretations of what God would do because "I know what God would or would not do".