"A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars." There are various ideas about the identity of this woman. I have heard at least five theories: (1) she is the nation of Israel; (2) she is Eve; (3) she is the virgin Mary; (4) she is the Church; and (5) she may represent a combination of two or more of these things. Would anyone like to share his ideas on this? Also, do you think John understood this vision or was he merely recording what appeared to him?