from another source... Dr. James McGoldrick, professor of Church history at Cedarville College, associated with the very conservative General Association of Regular Baptists, has written a book-length study of the attempts by Baptists specifically and evangelicals in general—often presented in such sensational and virulently anti-Catholic pamphlets as the enormously popular Trail of Blood—to trace a lineage of Evangelicalism back through Church history. McGoldrick enumerates nine tenets of doctrine to identify Baptists, a list which would also apply to American Evangelicalism in general: 1. Sola Scriptura; 2. A Trinitarian understanding of one God revealed in three fully divine persons; 3. The complete deity and full humanity of Christ, the virgin-born Son of God, who was crucified for sinners, but rose bodily from the grave; 4. The universal sinfulness of mankind and man’s alienation from God because of sin; 5. Justification by faith alone; 6. The doctrine of an "invisible" church; 7. Only two ordinances, baptism and the Lord’s Supper; 8. The separation of church and state as divinely ordained but distinct spheres of authority; 9. The second coming of Christ. (From J. E. McGoldrick, Baptist Successionism: A Crucial Question in Baptist History. ATLA Monograph Series, No. 32. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1994, 7-8) ...McGoldrick’s conclusion, after surveying all possible contenders throughout Church history is as follows: [A]lthough . . . groups in ancient and medieval times sometimes promoted doctrines and practices agreeable to modern Baptists, when judged by standards now acknowledged as baptistic, not one of them merits recognition as a Baptist church. Baptists arose in the seventeenth century in Holland and England (Baptism Successionism, 2; emphasis mine). In other words there is no lineage of Christians which one can trace back through Church history who believed as modern evangelical Protestants.