Theologically speaking, what is meant by the term means? Means is an action that brings about a thing. Means is not a work of man. It is typically reserved for the work of the Holy Spirit. For instance, the Gospel message is the means God uses to call sinners to repentance and faith. The Holy Spirit works through the message preached (1 Cor. 1:21). The preacher is simply a tool used to convey the message. You may have heard the term means of grace (media gratia). Donald McKim defines means of grace as, "The ways by which God's grace is extended and received by humans. In Protestant theology, the emphasis has been on the Word and Sacraments* as God's instituted means of conveying this grace that leads to justification and sanctification." When we partake of the Lord's Supper we are receiving a means of grace. It is not that there is anything mystical or supernatural in the elements, but rather our faith is strengthened as we contemplate the significance of Christ's death on our behalf. The strengthening of our faith is by grace. When we are baptized our baptism is also a means of grace. Look back on your baptism. What does it signify (c.f. Rom. 6:3-11)? If you meditate upon the spiritual significance of your baptism, does it not strengthen your faith? Are you not encouraged by the fact that you have died to sin and have been raised in newness of life? That is a work of grace in your life by the Holy Spirit. *In Baptist theology the term "sacrament" is often replaced with the term "ordinance" in order to remove any Roman Catholic implications, even though our Presbyterian brethren in no way were advocating a Roman understanding of the term.