Who are the Libyan Freedom Fighters and Their Patrons?

Discussion in 'Politics' started by poncho, Mar 27, 2011.

  1. poncho

    poncho
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    Preface

    The world is facing a very unpredictable and potentially dangerous situation in North Africa and the Middle East. What began as a memorable, promising, relatively nonviolent achievement of New Politics - the Revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt - has morphed very swiftly into a recrudescence of old habits: America, already mired in two decade-long wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and sporadic air attacks in Yemen and Somalia, now, bombing yet another Third World Country, in this case Libya.

    The initially stated aim of this bombing was to diminish Libyan civilian casualties. But many, senior figures in Washington, including President Obama, have indicated that the US is gearing up for a quite different war for regime change, one that may well be protracted and could also easily expand beyond Libya.

    If it does expand, the hope for a nonviolent transition to civilian government in Tunisia and Egypt and other Middle East nations experiencing political unrest, may be lost to a hard-edged militarization of government, especially in Egypt. All of us, not just Egyptians, have a major stake in seeing that that does not happen.

    The present article does not attempt to propose solutions or a course of action for the United States and its allies, or for the people of the Middle East. It attempts rather to examine the nature of the forces that have emerged in Libya over the last four decades that are presently being played out.

    To this end I have begun to compile what I call my Libyan Notebook, a collection of relevant facts that underlie the present crisis. This Notebook will be judgmental, in that I am biased towards collecting facts that the US media tend to ignore, facts that are the product in many instances of investigative reporting that cuts to the heart of power relations, deep structures, and economic interests in the region including the US, Israel, and the Arab States as these have played out over the last two decades and more. But I hope that it will be usefully objective and open-ended, permitting others to draw diverse conclusions from the same set of facts.

    I wish to begin with two ill-understood topics:

    I. Who Are the Libyan Opposition, and
    II. Where Are the Libyan Rebel Arms Coming From?

    Peter Dale Scott

    Peter Dale Scott's Libyan Notebook


    From the Halls of Montezuma to the Shores of Tripoli


    On September 1, 1969 the pro-western regime that had ruled in Libya was overthrown by Colonel Muamar Gaddafi and his officers. At the time, Libya was home to the largest US Air Base (Wheelus Air Base) in North Africa. Agreements between the USA and Libya signed in 1951 and 1954 granted the USAF the use of Wheelus Air Base and its El Watia gunnery range for gunnery and bombing training and for transport and bombing stopovers until 1971. During the Cold War the base was pivotal to expanding US military power under the Strategic Air Command, and an essential base for fighter and reconnaissance missions. The Pentagon also used the base -- and the remote Libyan desert -- for missile launch testing: the launch area was located 15 miles east of Tripoli. Considered a 'little America on the shores of the Mediteranean', the base housed some 4600 US military personnel until its evacuation in 1970.

    With the discovery of oil in Libya in 1959, a very poor desert country became a very rich little western protectorate. US and European companies had huge stakes in the extremely lucrative petroleum and banking sectors, but these were soon nationalized by Gaddafi. Thus Libya overnight joined the list of US 'enemy' or 'rogue' states that sought autonomy and self-determination outside the expanding sphere of western Empire. Further cementing western hatred of the new regime, Libya played a leading role of the 1973 oil embargo against the US and maintained cooperative relations with the Soviet Union. Gaddafi also reportedly channeled early oil wealth into national free health care and education.

    Many of the concessions in Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt involve state-owned oil companies. The US/European/Israeli nexus seeks to dislodge state-ownership -- to whatever extent it actually exists -- and dislodge any Chinese workers or companies involved in the oil exploitation, and replace these with western companies and western agents.

    by Keith Harmon Snow


    US, France, Britain set up bases in Libya

    The US Secretary of State says Washington will work within the UN to take appropriate steps in response to Libya's violent crackdown on protesters.

    Hillary Clinton also said that the US is watching the developments in the country with concern and called on Tripoli to stop practicing violence against people.

    In an interview with Press TV, Ralph Schoenman shares his thoughts on why the US administration is slow in speaking out against Gaddafi and other autocratic regimes in Africa and Middle East.

    Press TV: How do you assess the US's response to all these uprisings and whether it is open to democracy in the Muslim world?

    Schoenman: The nature of American policy is to have an imperialist power and within our country, the US, it has to be emphasized over and again that one percent of the population owns more than 95 percent of the national wealth, in fact more than 95 percent of the population combined.

    The head of the American Express wrote a book called the Organization in which he documented that possibly 5000 people control the economy of the US. They control some 70 percent of the world's natural resources; we have only five percent of the population of the globe within our frontiers in the US, so five percent dominate 70 percent of the global resources of the planet with military bases in hundreds of countries. That is an imperial desire by any definition.

    Press TV

    Superclass: The Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making Amazon Books

    Review

    "There are just over 6,000 people in the superclass. So says the author of this fascinating book, a field guide to the world's most élite citizens. See the rich and powerful in their natural habitats, from Davos and Bilderberg to the Bohemian Grove...." -- Andrea Sachs, TIME

    "An impressively knowledgeable guide to the world's elite and how they have coalesced as a kind of natural order." -- Kirkus Reviews

    "Whether you like it or not, there is no way to deny the enormous, disproportionate, concentration of power and wealth in the hands of a relatively small number of people in the world today. David Rothkopf has described who they are, and how they operate and interact, vividly in his valuable (and often disturbing) new book." -- Richard Holbrooke, Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations


    “Advance freedom for the benefit of the American people and the international community by helping to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world composed of well-governed states that respond to the needs of their people, reduce widespread poverty, and act responsibly within the international system.” SOURCE

    Funding all of this is the tax payers’ money funneled through the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the International Republican Institute (IRI), the National Democratic Institute (NDI), and Freedom House. George Soros’ Open Society foundation also promotes various NGOs which in turn support the revolutionary rabble on the ground. In Egypt, after the State Department’s youth brigades played their role, Soros and NED funded NGOs began work on drafting Egypt’s new constitution.


    It should be noted that while George Soros is portrayed as being “left,” and the overall function of these pro-democracy, pro-human rights organizations appears to be “left-leaning,” a vast number of notorious “Neo-Cons” also constitute the commanding ranks and determine the overall agenda of this color revolution army.

    Then there are legislative acts of Congress that overtly fund the subversive objectives of the US State Department. In support of regime change in Iran, the Iran Freedom and Support Act was passed in 2006. More recently in 2011, to see the US-staged color revolution in Egypt through to the end, money was appropriated to “support” favored Egyptian opposition groups ahead of national elections.

    Then of course there is the State Department’s propaganda machines.

    SOURCE
     
    #1 poncho, Mar 27, 2011
    Last edited by a moderator: Mar 27, 2011

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