Why don't certain people believe when they hear the gospel? Calvinist's answer: Because it hasn't been given to them to believe, for everyone is born totally depraved and unable to believe unless it is granted to them by God. (correct me if I'm wrong) Why didn't the people in the 1st century not believe when Jesus preached and preformed miracles? Let's see: 37 Even though He had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in Him. 38 But this was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet, who said: Lord, who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39 This is why they were unable to believe, because Isaiah also said: 40 He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes or understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them. The obvious reason is not what Calvinists claim. It doesn't say that they born unable to believe because of the Fall. It specifally says God "hardened their hearts." Then strongly implies that if He hadn't they might see or understand and be converted. We learn from other passages that hardening is a result of people living in continual rebellion to God's ways. God then could actively harden someone if he was going to use them to accomplish a specific purpose, as we can see here with the Isralites of Christ's day. Are infants born living in continual rebellion to God's ways? Of course not, they don't even know God's ways yet. They have not been hardened, which is why God refers to children throughout the scripture as being ones fit for the kingdom of heaven. 13 Then children were brought to Him so He might put His hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked them. 14 Then Jesus said, "Leave the children alone, and don't try to keep them from coming to Me, because the kingdom of heaven is made up of people like this." Why would he say that about children if their salvation was completely sealed in God's individual election? Could it be that Christ was pointing to the fact that the child had not yet been hardened in sin and rebellion to God and is therefore more capable of choosing to follow Christ. They are not like rich men whom Christ speaks of as having great difficulty in entering heaven. Look at the stats: They show that most people (over 85%) who profess faith in Christ do so before they turn 18 years of age. Why? Is it because that's when God elected for them to be saved? Or could it be that its because children aren't hardened in their sin? What say ye?